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Gum problems during Pregnancy

Pregnancy is an exciting time, but it can cause uncomfortable if not painful symptoms at times. Sometimes pregnancy can be associated with gum problems, like bleeding gums and it’s important that any gum problems are addressed as soon as possible so that they do not get worse.

Find out more about how to prevent and deal with gum problems during pregnancy below.

Relieving gum problems during pregnancy

Pregnancy affects your whole body. Changes in hormone levels can cause your gums to be more sensitive to plaque, which could result in gum problems1. Pregnancy might also affect the balance of good and bad bacteria in your mouth2.

Zendium Red and swollen gums

Here's quick guide to what you can do to deal with gum problems during pregnancy: 

  • See your dentist. It is very important to go for regular check-ups with your dentist. Aim to get at least one regular dental review during your pregnancy and let your dentist know that you are pregnant so he or she can be vigilant for any pregnancy-related oral health complications. Book further appointments if you experience oral health symptoms at any time.
  • Use a mild toothpaste like Zendium as part of your daily routine. Zendium is ideal for pregnant women. Not only does it have a mild and pleasant taste, making it suitable even for those with morning sickness, but it is also clinically proven to improve gum health*. Zendium’s prebiotic benefit promotes good bacteria and reduces bad bacteria**, working in harmony with your mouth and strengthening its natural defences. Zendium is a SLS free toothpaste, clinically proven to be 4 times kinder than a regular toothpaste with SLS**.
  • Use a soft toothbrush, and check your brushing technique. Brushing too vigorously, or with a toothbrush with hard bristles, can irritate your gums, particularly if they are already sensitive or if you are experiencing pregnancy gum problems. Choose a toothbrush with soft bristles, and get your dentist to give you some feedback on your brushing technique if you’re concerned. The Zendium Sensitive Toothbrush is a good choice, as it its small round head cleans even the hard-to-reach areas, without hurting your gums, and the extra-soft bristles are gentle on your gums.
Zendium Swollen and tender gums
  • Brush, floss, and use mouthwash. When you’re pregnant, it’s vital to continue with regular brushing (at least two times a day) and daily flossing. Using a mouthwash can make your mouth feel fresh and less dry, especially if you use an alcohol-free and SLS-free one like Zendium Mouthwash.
  • Identify any issues as soon as possible. When you’re pregnant, it’s important to be vigilant towards any changes in your mouth, teeth, and gums. It’s worth doing so regularly in order to identify any potential problems early – this way, they can be treated effectively and not have the opportunity to worsen. Have a quick look once a day when you are brushing your teeth for signs of inflammation or bleeding, and if you notice any changes be sure to make an appointment for a dental check-up.

Those are some important pointers on pregnancy gum problems. Help prevent it by maintaining good oral hygiene, be vigilant to the signs of any other oral health problems. and if it continues to bother you, be sure to speak to a trusted healthcare professional.


2 Kilian, M, et al. ‘The oral microbiome – an update for oral healthcare professionals’. BDJ, 221: 657–666 (18 November 2016).


*Refers to a 13 week gum health clinical study, China 2019 (n=109)

**Refers to the gum health and gum problems associated bacterial species in dental plaque which changed significantly over a 14-week clinical study with 102 subjects.

*** Compared to a toothpaste with SLS, 30 mins after use

The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.