Gum pain: How to deal with painful and swollen gums
When recurring pain in the gums isn’t treated properly, it can lead to bad breath, bleeding gums and eventually periodontitis. This is mainly caused by plaque building up on the teeth, so keeping your teeth and mouth healthy and clean is vital.
What causes swollen gums?
Gum pain can be caused by several factors, including but not limited to:
- Brushing or flossing too hard
- Pre-existing gum disease
- Weakened natural defences of the mouth, due to bacteria imbalance
- Irritation from rough or acidic foods
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Dental devices, like retainers or dentures, that don’t fit quite right
If one or a few of these factors seem likely to be the cause of your painful and swollen gums and discomfort, consider altering your habits. Other than any dentures or orthodontic tools you may have fitted, many of these causes can be managed at home. Your dentist can give you more insights into the relationships between these causes and any resulting gum pain. Read on to learn more about how to treat swollen gums.
You’re more likely to avoid swollen and painful gums if you take steps to keep your mouth and gums healthy.
How to manage painful and swollen gums?
Do “ouch, my gums hurt” and “why is my gum swollen” sound like familiar thoughts? Chances are that if you are reading this article, you are already experiencing some of the following symptoms: painful, swollen gums that become irritated and even bleed easily need immediate attention from your dentist to provide lasting gum pain relief. Some of the following suggestions can possibly help to manage the pain at home until your appointment:
- Gently brush your teeth after every meal, max. 3 times a day. Be sure to use a soft-bristled brush, such as the ones from Zendium, as hard bristled-brushes may irritate your swollen gums.
- Floss daily. Take your time to ensure you are not flossing too harshly and irritating your gum line even more.
- Provide temporary relief. If brushing and flossing result in too much discomfort or bleeding, try rinsing your mouth with warm saltwater. This will be more gentle than brushing, and the salt may help to temporarily reduce inflammation.
- Stop or avoid smoking. Ensure you are limiting or eliminating any tobacco use to allow your body to fight any infection naturally.
Remember: consult your doctor or dentist before adopting any solutions of your own.
Prevention is the best form of treatment
You’re more likely to avoid swollen and painful gums and teeth if you take steps to keep your mouth and gums healthy. Practise good oral hygiene in the form of brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. Try Zendium toothpaste. It contains the same enzymes and proteins as the mouth and is clinically proven to fight the causes of gum bleeding and inflammation, giving you healthier gums* and a more resilient mouth, naturally.
Next, have a professional cleaning every 6 months, or as your dentist recommends, to ensure any hard to reach areas are getting the attention they need. Finally, ensure your health checks include diabetes tests as this condition can have an effect on your oral health in more ways than one.
Oral health can have an impact on your overall wellbeing, so it is important to ensure every part of your mouth is getting checked regularly. Not only will this help you to prevent common mouth problems, like gum pain, but a trip to the dentist may also bring to light any underlying health issues.
*Based on results in 113 people who used Zendium, in a gum health clinical study, UK 2017.
The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.