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Gum health: What different gum colours mean

Pink, red, or even slightly pale: the colour of your gums can vary depending on your dental and overall health. Generally spoken, light to darker pink gums mean they are healthy, whereas red gums show signs of sensitivity or inflammation.

How do I know my gums are healthy?

The condition of your gums is a great way to check your overall health. The more you pay attention to their colour and texture, the sooner you can identify any abnormalities, and pay a visit to your doctor or dentist. Are you wondering what healthy gums look like? There is a wide range of colours that indicate healthy gums:

  • Shades of pink are typical, and depending on your skin type, pale gums are also perfectly normal.
  • Depending on your genetics or even a lot of sun exposure, it can also be perfectly healthy to have shades of brown or black gums, no matter what skin tone you have.

The colour of your gums can change depending on the health of not only your mouth but also your whole body. Check out the list of colours below to find out more about what they might mean for you, and what you can do to stay proactive in the pursuit of a healthy, beautiful smile.

Zendium Gum color

The colour of your gums can change depending on the health of not only your mouth but also your whole body.

Gum colours you should know about

  • Pink: Firm, pink gums are a great sign of healthy, maintained gums.
  • Brown: If you have a darker skin tone this could be your natural gum colour. Dark gums could also be the case if you’ve been in the sun a lot recently as sun exposure can cause melanin in the gums to darken. Check on their texture and keep an eye on the edges around your teeth for colour change. Even brown gums should appear firm and smooth.
  • Purple: Similar to dark gums, if you’re wondering ‘why are my gums purple’, in most cases you don’t need to worry, as different shades of pink are normal for healthy gums. But if you experience sensitivity, pain or swelling, purple gums could be an early sign of a dental infection.
  • Red: Red gums indicate inflammation or infection. They will likely be sensitive and may even bleed during brushing and flossing. Seek out professional advice as soon as you can.
  • Yellow: A slight yellow tint or film on your gums is an indicator of gingivitis. Gingivitis is usually accompanied by inflamed and swollen gums. This condition is common and can be remedied with a visit to the dentist and improved oral care. However, if you have a yellow sore, this could be an indication of a viral infection or ulcer.
  • Black: Black gums can be distressing, especially if the change is abnormal for you. Black gums have been related to tobacco use and as the result of taking certain medications. Your doctor or dentist can review your medical history and give you specific advice.
  • White: A white film is usually the result of a fungal infection and requires medical attention to help your body fight off the infection. White and sore gums, including white sores, will be sensitive and uncomfortable. It’s likely they are the result of a fungal infection and should not be left to develop – consult your doctor or dentist straight away if you notice white gums.
  • Grey: Gums that appear to have a grey film over them are an indication of a weakened immune system. Whether you are a smoker or are under a lot of stress, grey gums are often connected to a bacterial infection that requires medical attention.

Keeping your mouth and gums healthy is manageable when you know what to look for. Looking at your gum colour is a simple way to keep tabs on your health. Use the information above to learn more, but don’t hesitate to consult your dentist for further advice. Any changes in gum colour should be noted and checked as soon as possible.

To maintain healthy gums, try Zendium toothpaste. It contains the same enzymes and proteins as the mouth and is clinically proven to fight the causes of gum bleeding and inflammation, giving you healthier gums* and a more resilient mouth, naturally.

Zendium Gum color

*Based on research with 2,449 people, representative of the French population, about their oral hygiene. Research conducted by TNS in 2014.

The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.