A person pointing to red gums

Gum inflammation: what is it and how to reduce it

For overall good oral health, taking care of your gums is equally important as looking after your teeth. Because if we don’t treat them properly, pain may be the first sign of inflamed gums. You’ll then have to act quickly, especially if brushing or flossing your teeth and eating crunchy food becomes more and more painful or you notice persistent bad breath.

What is gum inflammation, and what causes inflamed gums? 

Swollen gums don’t always mean that your gums are inflamed, but it’s quite often the case. But what causes gum inflammation? Some of the possible causes are:

  • Poor oral care. Not brushing, brushing your teeth too much, or brushing too forcefully can all cause inflamed gums and is the primary cause for gum inflammation.
  • Gingivitis is a stage of gum disease that causes the gums to swell and be more sensitive.
  • Smoking disrupts the natural balance of your mouth and can irritate the gums.
  • Pregnancy. The change in hormones during pregnancy may also have an impact on women’s gums.
  • Sensitivity to oral care products. If you’re using harsh products, your gums may react with inflammation. 
  • Dental appliances. Fitted appliances such as braces or retainers may also be the cause of sore, inflamed gums.
A person drinking a glass of water

How to treat inflamed gums at home?

Now you know what causes inflamed gums, but what about how to treat inflamed gums? Here are a few tips that can give you learn how to treat swollen gums at home:

  • Gargling with salt water may give you some short-term pain relief.
  • Eating or drinking cold foods and drinks can also help with sudden pain.
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medication. Make sure to check consult a pharmacist and to read the instruction leaflet if you’re unsure.

But remember, knowing how to treat swollen gums at home is just the first step. If you suffer from inflamed gums, treatment from your dentist might be necessary. Speak to your dentist or doctor if your inflammation of the gums gets worse, doesn’t get better within a few days, or is painful. It’s always a good idea to consult a professional to prevent long term damage and pain. 

How to reduce inflammation in gums and prevent gum disease?

Prevention is key when you want to avoid inflamed gums in the long run and want to say goodbye to dealing with painful gums in the future.

  • Practice good dental hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth daily.
  • Choose a mild and gentle toothpaste like Zendium to not further irritate the gums.
  • Use a soothing mouthwash. Avoid anything that contains alcohol, as that can irritate inflamed gums even more. Why not try the Zendium Complete Protection Mouthwash?
  • See your dentist regularly. If you get regular dental checks, gum inflammation may be avoided in the first place.
  • Stop or avoid smoking to not irritate your mouth and gums even further.
  • Eat a balanced diet. Avoid too much sugar that can lead to build up and make sure your body gets the nutrients it needs to maintain healthy teeth and gums.
A woman flossing her teeth

Now you know how to treat inflamed gums at home and how to interpret signs of inflamed gums correctly. But again, if you’re unsure about anything speak to your dentist who can help you with professional advice on treating an inflammation of the gums.




The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.