What is periodontitis and what causes it?
Maintaining good oral health is important to keep your whole body healthy and happy. Looking out for any changes in the way your teeth, gums or tongue look plays a vital part in this process. If you notice swelling and pain around your teeth and in your gums, periodontitis can be the cause behind it. Read on to learn more about this gum disease and possible causes.
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is an advanced gum infection that causes your gums to separate from your teeth, damaging not only your gums but also the bones that hold your teeth in place. Periodontitis causes tooth loss in addition to more serious health problems if left untreated. This is an ailment that should be left to the professionals, but in this article, you will find out what to look out for - and how to avoid it altogether.
Maintaining an oral cleaning regime can greatly reduce your chances of developing periodontitis.
Periodontitis causes and risk factors
Although the bacteria in your mouth are both good and bad, left behind plaque can damage your teeth. Within two days, plaque can harden, bad bacteria spread, and the symptoms of gingivitis can develop, the first phase of periodontal disease.
Periodontitis is the direct result of a lack of good oral hygiene, which does mean that it can be easily avoided. However, you may be predisposed toward this condition if some of the following apply to you:
- Untreated gingivitis
- Inconsistent brushing and flossing regime
- Old age
- Poor nutrition
- Weakened defences, due to bacterial imbalance
What are some of the symptoms of periodontitis?
Many of the symptoms to look out for begin as those which also apply to gingivitis: swollen, sensitive gums that may bleed easily when brushing or flossing. Eventually, this will progress into the gums separating from the teeth. The teeth will become loose and the bones in your face that hold them in place will become weakened. Look out for:
- Swollen gums
- Receding gums
- Bright red or purplish gums
- Spaces between your teeth that weren’t there before
- Loose teeth
- The feeling that your teeth are fitting together differently when you bite
The above symptoms are usually quite painful, so chances are you will notice these straight away. The sooner you visit the dentist to have a check-up, the quicker you can catch minor gum problems, before they become more advanced.
How to treat periodontitis?
If you’re looking for periodontitis treatment options, you should always seek professional advice. It’s an advanced gum problem, and with the right assessment and treatment from your dentist, it can be possible to halt its progress.
How to prevent periodontitis?
Practising good oral hygiene can help to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis developing. With this in mind, here are some essential oral hygiene tips to consider:
- Visit your dentist regularly
- Brush your teeth twice a day with a mild toothpaste, like Zendium and a soft-bristled brush
- Floss at least once a day to remove bacteria and food particles
- Use a toothpaste that boosts the good bacteria in the mouth, such as the ones from Zendium
- Stop smoking – a lifestyle change that’s great for your overall health too
- Take note if your gums are puffy or sensitive and see your dentist as soon as possible
Remember that brushing and flossing can remove plaque, but it can quickly build up again, so consistency is key when it comes down to your oral hygiene routine. By maintaining a good brushing, flossing, and cleaning regime, you can greatly reduce your chances of developing periodontitis and treatment may be unnecessary in the future. Even so, you should get a professional opinion as soon as you have any concerns about your gums and teeth. After all, being proactive when it comes to gum health is a great way to make sure you’re looking out for your general health, too.
For a good oral health routine, try Zendium toothpaste. It contains the same enzymes and proteins as the mouth and is clinically proven to fight the causes of gum bleeding and inflammation, giving you healthier gums* and a more resilient mouth, naturally.
*Based on results in 113 people who used Zendium, in a gum health clinical study, UK 2017.
The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.