red and swollen gum what to do

Are you worried about your inflamed gums? It turns out you’re not the only one. When asked about their oral health*, the number one concern among French consumers is having sensitive and inflamed gums.

Red Gums? Swollen Gums? Here’s why…

Gums are made of fibrous tissues, full of blood vessels, and sturdy enough to support your teeth for a lifetime of chewing, nibbling, and tearing through food. When they are irritated or infected, they can quickly become swollen or red because there is simply nowhere else for the extra blood to go.

This swelling turns your healthy, pink gums into gums that are red and sensitive, leading to pain whenever you brush or flos.

Gums play a major role in keeping your mouth healthy, and the more you know about what can cause red or swollen gums, the better equipped you’ll be to avoid these factors and keep your mouth healthy.

What causes swollen and tender gums?

Your gums are sensitive to the health of not only your mouth, but also your overall wellbeing. As a result of their ability to reveal health issues so clearly by changing colour, it makes sense that the causes of red and swollen gums are related to both dental and general health. Below are some of the potential causes:

  • Gingivitis is a common condition that causes the gums to swell and turn red due to a bacterial infection, usually above the gum line where regular brushing and flossing can’t reach.
  • Malnutrition is a serious ailment that effects every system of the body. The evidence of malnutrition can be visible quite quickly in the form of red gums.
  • Tooth decay is the another cause of swollen gums. What begins as a sore or sensitive tooth can quickly become a more complicated problem if left untreated.
Woman with pain in her gums holding finger to mouth; Shutterstock ID 109517087

Your gums are sensitive to the health of not only your mouth, but also your overall wellbeing.

Swollen gums: What to do

Here are some simple tips you can try to help manage any accompanying pain or discomfort from red and sore gums:

  1. Practice good dental hygiene, gently brushing and flossing daily. Swap toothpastes or mouthwashes that could be irritating your gums for gentler options, like Zendium.
  2. Gurgle salt water to draw some of the swelling out of your gums.
  3. Eat (sugar-free) cold foods for momentary relief.
  4. Take anti-inflammatory medications, under doctor supervision.
  5. Visit your dentist for a professional cleaning. A regular deep cleaning can help eliminate the chances of bacterial infections or tooth decay causing swollen and tender gums in the future. Therefore, try Zendium toothpaste. It contains the same enzymes and proteins as the mouth, and is clinically proven to fight the causes of gum bleeding and inflammation, giving you healthy gums** and a more resilient mouth, naturally.

Remember: speak to your dentist or doctor if you have red and swollen gums. It is always a good idea to consult with a professional before trying any self-care remedies, but keeping up with your daily mouth care regime and getting regular check-ups can only help.

Red and swollen gums may be uncomfortable but by consulting your dentist and determining the cause and best remedy to use, you’ll be well on your way to relieving sore gums and restoring a healthy, happy mouth.

For more information on what different gum colours mean, click here.

*Based on research with 2,449 people, representative of the French population, about their oral hygiene. Research conducted by TNS in 2014.
**Based on results in 113 people who used Zendium, in a gum health clinical study, UK 2017.

  • The advice in this article does not constitute medical advice, it is solely available for information purposes. We recommend that you consult your dentist if you are experiencing any gum problems.

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